Air Pollution and Noise. Health Inequalities in an Affluent City such as Munich
|Type of Publication:||Articles in Non-Refereed Journals and Books|
|erschienen in:||Sozialer Fortschritt|
|Weitere Quellenangabe:||Volume 58(2-3), Pages 43 – 48|
The analysis focuses on the following questions: Is the burden of air pollution and noise especially high for low status population groups? Is this burden especially high in those regions where the percentage of poor people is particularly high? The analyses in this paper are based on a 2004 survey conducted among adults in the city of Munich. Poverty rates per urban district (‘Stadtbezirk’) were used to distinguish between three groups (regions with a high, medium or low poverty rate). The results indicate that the burden of air pollution and noise is especially high for low status groups and in regions with a high poverty rate. The social distribution of air pollution and noise is a marker for the extent of social participation. Specific interventions are needed to reduce these health burdens; they should focus on low status population groups and on regions with a high poverty rate.